Supermassive black hole photographed in Messier 87 (M87) galaxy
We don’t know a great deal about black holes but are learning more and more about them as new tools and techniques to find them and photograph them are developed. Nasa researchers think that black holes are in a way collecting ports for dark matter, they cannot detect the dark matter within them and can only tell of its presence with advanced detection tools due to the way it distorts normal matter.
Normal and dark matter is all about us, they exist in an asymmetric relationship, without one there cannot be the other, they are a powerful yin and yang of the universe but if normal and dark matter collides; they annihilate each other with the results being catastrophic.
Black holes as filled with a dark matter envelope, they ferociously devour matter around them, once in the grasps of them nothing can escape, we have known about them for a long time, Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity predicted that there would be dense areas of space which contained such intense gravity that nothing would be able to escape them, the reaction with space and time with a visible ring should be observed
With this stunning photo, it is visibly made aware with the interaction of normal and dark matter, plasma energy is created, as light cannot escape from a black hole a shadow is cast that can be visible, the surrounding area of the black hole is the event horizon, the area where nothing can escape (not even light) and where time and space itself is distorted, objects from the surround pull field are gathered from space and superheated then accelerated to almost the speed of light.
Researchers recently used a cluster of radio telescopes around the world to capture an image of the biggest black hole ever discovered, classed in the galaxy of M87. The attempt and capture which combined 8 radio satellites using the Very-Long-Baseline-Interferometry creating a virtual telescope that in effect creates a single device around the same size of our earth so making for a very long-range imaging process.
The global telescopes involved:
- IRAM 30-meter telescope
- James Clerk Maxwell Telescope
- Large Millimeter Telescope Alfonso Serrano
- Submillimeter Array
- Submillimeter Telescope
- South Pole Telescope.
Over two week the telescope array collected over two billion bytes data that was processed by supercomputers to process and create the digital image, each remote telescope relied on an extremely sensitive atomic clock and the whole projects capture took ten years of planning.
This particular black hole is probably one of the first from an early universe, the mass of it is absolutely immense, it is so big that it may be the largest to date that is viewable from earth, it was not the first black hole to be discovered or photographed but due to its size, has gained interest from physicists and astronomers around the globe.
Messier 87 is a super-sized galaxy where the supermassive black hole is, it near the Virgo galaxy cluster which is 55 million light-years from our planet Earth, the super black hole within Messier 87 has a mass that is 6.5 billion times compared to our sun.
National Science Foundation director, France Córdova stated “Black holes have sparked imaginations for decades, they have exotic properties and are mysterious to us. Yet with more observations like this one, they are yielding their secrets. This is why NSF exists. We enable scientists and engineers to illuminate the unknown, to reveal the subtle and complex majesty of our universe.”
We know about many black holes in our very own and distant galaxies finding ways to detect them due to the way they interact with space around them, distorting it and filtering the light out from everything around them. Black holes were initially hard to find due to their size with the relative mass of the universe, they may seem invisible but once interactions from surrounding material are identified their presence is given away.